“The study looked at factors such as the energy needed to produce a renewable fuel source compared with how much energy is produced, the impact on soil fertility and effects on food supply when fuels based on crops such as corn and soybeans are mixed with fossil fuels. Based on those factors, the authors determined that corn-based ethanol is the worst alternative overall.”
Calculate a biofuel’s ecological footprint
Promote only biofuels that can be produced sustainably
Select highly efficient species for biofuels
Work to minimize land needed for biofuels
Encourage reclamation of degraded areas
Prohibit clearing areas for more cultivation
Promote use of energy crops that require less fertilizer, pesticide and energy
Promote native and perennial species
Prohibit use of invasive species
Promote crop rotation on cultivated lands
Encourage soil conservation
Promote only biofuels that are at least net carbon neutral
“I would suggest that you consider being less regimental about your design assignments. That is, you are a terrific worker and creative. But there will come a time in future classes that you will need to break out of the box (to use the over used cliché). Can you discover new and interesting creative expression simply by never exploring off the syllabus map? Can you discover new ideas and new ways of design thinking by never leaving that focus on following assignment guidelines to perfection? In the end, you do the assignment… But to get there and to exceed expectations of your professors, in the design process and discovery, be a little wild more often! It will take you to new and unexpected places as you learn. ”—Comment for a young design student who works a little too perfectly.
“Contemporary art’s quarter-century-long vogue for taking things apart, for subverting the distinction between “high and low,” for irony, for pastiche, for the abjuration of concepts of totality, unity and determinate meaning, for fragmentation—well, that vogue never really has sat well with design. We’ve tried, but it just doesn’t. “Erasing the distinction between art and design,” which we’ve heard so much about in recent years, is impossible for this reason: Design, by its definition, is generative. It is the process of making things. Taking things apart is the opposite of design. Irony—creating distance—is the opposite of real communication, which is the underlying aim of graphic design.”
The designer of the typeface used by Obama, Gotham, is one of the United States greatest living type designers (seriously, there is a renaissance in type design happening right now and Toby is one of the leaders). Gotham is simultaneously urban and working class but also high end as well. It was carved on the cornerstone of the new World Trade Center complex but is based on urban san serif type made by local sign shop guys. Toby is a native New Yorker. John Baskerville (Clinton’s type choice) lived during 18th Century in England. Baskerville is respectable but conservative and more an early 1990s choice. Optima (McCain) was designed by Hermann Zapf, a well regarded soft spoken German type designer known for his calligraphic inspired type designs. Zapf is 90 years old and still hard at work (like McCain?) (ABC botched it a bit. They show Obama placards - which do not emphasis Gotham but a different font - while they are talking about Gotham which is slightly visible for the web address at the bottom of the placards.) I’m not saying there is any connection between the candidates and type history but, well, you decide….
There is a proposed change in copyright law in the U.S. which would create a private industry requiring artists, photographers, graphic designers, etc. to pay a fee for all work, sketches, photos, designs, etc. you have ever made and will make to protect it from use.
“the U.S. Orphan Works Bills, H.R. 5889 and S. 2913, introduced into the House and Senate on April 24, 2008 would amend Chapter 5 of Title 17, United States Code, (Copyright law) by adding “§ 514. Limitation on remedies in cases involving orphan works.” This new limitation on remedies will be imposed on any copyrighted work wherever the infringer can successfully claim an orphan works defense, whether legitimate or adjudicated by courts to be conclusive.
The Orphan Works Act defines an “orphan work” as any copyrighted work whose author any infringer says he is unable to locate by means of a “reasonably diligent search.” The infringer himself will be allowed to determine when he has met this imprecise test. The infringer would be free to ignore the rights of the author and use the work for any purpose, including commercial usage. This is a radical departure from existing international copyright law and conventions, as well as normal business practices.”
This proposed law is, of course, insane. More here:
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Sony now takes back products it makes. Gather up all those dead clock radios, Walkmans, CD players, stereos, boom boxes, cameras, computers, and phones. They don’t have very many drop off locations in the U.S. as of yet and say they will have a mailing option soon. “At Sony, we support the recycling of our products with the same respect we have when creating them. Teaming up with Waste Management, we’ve built a recycling program that makes it easy to dispose of electronics in an environmentally-safe way. Bring your unwanted Sony product to any participating Waste Management eCycling drop-off center and recycle it for free.”